The Lecture begins by delving into fundamental concepts in mathematics, extends further into the developmental history of related sciences, and then, in consideration of the brain's unique characteristics as a biological system, underscores the significance of computational neuroscience as an emerging interdisciplinary field for quantitative study of the brain. Finally, it introduces the work carried out by our research group in modeling, analysis, and simulation in various brain levels, with the aim of emphasizing the pivotal role that mathematics plays in interdisciplinary research.
Douglas Zhou is a distinguished professor of Institute of Natural Sciences and School of Mathematical Sciences at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. He obtained his B.S. and Ph.D. at Peking University, Beijing, China. Then he did his postdoctoral research in the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University, New York, NY, USA. After that, he joined the Institute of Natural Sciences and School of Mathematical Sciences at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, first as a Distinguished Research Fellow in 2010, then became a professor in 2016, a tenured professor in 2019, a distinguished professor in 2023. Douglas Zhou's research interests focus on mathematical modeling and scientific computation for scientific problems arising from neuroscience. In particular, he is interested in understanding of the relation between structures and functions of biological neuronal network dynamics, development of new efficient computational methods for modeling large-scale cortical networks, discovery of potential mechanisms underlying information processing in the brain, design of brain-inspired algorithms for machine learning, and investigation of new mathematical structures and tools to extract useful information from neurophysiological data measured in experiment.